How do I read in the contents of a directory in Perl?

opendir(D, "/path/to/directory") || die "Can't open directory: $!\n";
while (my $f = readdir(D)) {
    print "\$f = $f\n";

EDIT: Oh, sorry, missed the “into an array” part:

my $d = shift;

opendir(D, "$d") || die "Can't open directory $d: $!\n";
my @list = readdir(D);

foreach my $f (@list) {
    print "\$f = $f\n";

EDIT2: Most of the other answers are valid, but I wanted to comment on this answer specifically, in which this solution is offered:

opendir(DIR, $somedir) || die "Can't open directory $somedir: $!";
@dots = grep { (!/^\./) && -f "$somedir/$_" } readdir(DIR);
closedir DIR;

First, to document what it’s doing since the poster didn’t: it’s passing the returned list from readdir() through a grep() that only returns those values that are files (as opposed to directories, devices, named pipes, etc.) and that do not begin with a dot (which makes the list name @dots misleading, but that’s due to the change he made when copying it over from the readdir() documentation). Since it limits the contents of the directory it returns, I don’t think it’s technically a correct answer to this question, but it illustrates a common idiom used to filter filenames in Perl, and I thought it would be valuable to document. Another example seen a lot is:

@list = grep !/^\.\.?$/, readdir(D);

This snippet reads all contents from the directory handle D except ‘.’ and ‘..’, since those are very rarely desired to be used in the listing.

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