As stated in the urllib2 documentation:

The urllib2 module has been split across several modules in Python 3 named urllib.request and urllib.error. The 2to3 tool will automatically adapt imports when converting your sources to Python 3.

So you should instead be saying

from urllib.request import urlopen
html = urlopen("http://www.google.com/").read()
print(html)

Your current, now-edited code sample is incorrect because you are saying urllib.urlopen("http://www.google.com/") instead of just urlopen("http://www.google.com/").