Annotated in python allows devs to declare type of a reference and and also to provide additional information related to it.
name = Annotated[str, "first letter is capital"]
This tells that
name is of type
str and that
name is a capital letter.
On its own
Annotated does not do anything other than assigning extra information (metadata) to a reference. It is up to another code, which can be a library, framework or your own code, to interpret the metadata and make use of it.
For example FastAPI uses Annotated for data validation:
def read_items(q: Annotated[str, Query(max_length=50)])
Here the parameter
q is of type str with a maximum length of 50. This information was communicated to FastAPI (or any other underlying library) using the Annotated keyword.