• git log ..otherbranch
    • list of changes that will be merged into current branch.
  • git diff ...otherbranch
    • diff from common ancestor (merge base) to the head of what will be merged. Note the three dots, which have a special meaning compared to two dots (see below).
  • gitk ...otherbranch
    • graphical representation of the branches since they were merged last time.

Empty string implies HEAD, so that’s why just ..otherbranch instead of HEAD..otherbranch.

The two vs. three dots have slightly different meaning for diff than for the commands that list revisions (log, gitk etc.). For log and others two dots (a..b) means everything that is in b but not a and three dots (a...b) means everything that is in only one of a or b. But diff works with two revisions and there the simpler case represented by two dots (a..b) is simple difference from a to b and three dots (a...b) mean difference between common ancestor and b (git diff $(git merge-base a b)..b).