Let’s say you generate a bunch of views that are similar. You could set an OnClickListener for each view individually:

button1.setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener ... );
button2.setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener ... );
 ...

Then you have to create a unique onClick method for each view even if they do the similar things, like:

public void onClick(View v) {
    doAction(1); // 1 for button1, 2 for button2, etc.
}

This is because onClick has only one parameter, a View, and it has to get other information from instance variables or final local variables in enclosing scopes. What we really want is to get information from the views themselves.

Enter getTag/setTag:

button1.setTag(1);
button2.setTag(2);

Now we can use the same OnClickListener for every button:

listener = new OnClickListener() {
    @Override
    public void onClick(View v) {
        doAction(v.getTag());
    }
};

It’s basically a way for views to have memories.