How to upgrade postgresql database from 10 to 12 without losing data for openproject

A) First create a backup of all the databases for that (You can continue from B if you dont need a backup)

  1. Log in as postgres user
sudo su postgres
  1. Create a backup .sql file for all the data you have in all the databases
pg_dumpall > backup.sql

B) Upgrade to PostgreSQL12

  1. update packages and install postgres 12
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install postgresql-12 postgresql-server-dev-12
  1. Stop the postgresql service
sudo systemctl stop postgresql.service
  1. migrate the data
/usr/lib/postgresql/12/bin/pg_upgrade \
--old-datadir=/var/lib/postgresql/10/main \
--new-datadir=/var/lib/postgresql/12/main \
--old-bindir=/usr/lib/postgresql/10/bin \
--new-bindir=/usr/lib/postgresql/12/bin \
--old-options '-c config_file=/etc/postgresql/10/main/postgresql.conf' \
--new-options '-c config_file=/etc/postgresql/12/main/postgresql.conf'
  1. Switch to regular user
  1. Swap the ports the old and new postgres versions.
#change port to 5432
sudo vim /etc/postgresql/12/main/postgresql.conf
#change port to 5433
sudo vim /etc/postgresql/10/main/postgresql.conf
  1. Start the postgresql service
sudo systemctl start postgresql.service
  1. Log in as postgres user
sudo su postgres
  1. Check your new postgres version
psql -c "SELECT version();"
  1. Run the generated new cluster script
  1. Return as a normal(default user) user and cleanup up the old version’s mess
#uninstalls postgres packages     
sudo apt-get remove postgresql-10 postgresql-server-dev-10
#removes the old postgresql directory
sudo rm -rf /etc/postgresql/10/
#login as postgres user
sudo su postgres
#delete the old cluster data
  1. Congrads! Your postgresql version is now upgraded, If everything works well in B, we dont have to apply the backup as we have already migrated the data from the older version to the newer version, the backup is just in case if anything goes wrong.

NOTE: Change the postgresql.conf and pg_hba.conf as per your requirement

PS: Feel free to comment your issues, suggestions or anyother modifications you would like to suggest

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