SELECT Orders.OrderNumber, LineItems.Quantity, LineItems.Description FROM Orders JOIN LineItems ON LineItems.LineItemGUID = ( SELECT TOP 1 LineItemGUID FROM LineItems WHERE OrderID = Orders.OrderID )
In SQL Server 2005 and above, you could just replace
INNER JOIN with
SELECT Orders.OrderNumber, LineItems2.Quantity, LineItems2.Description FROM Orders CROSS APPLY ( SELECT TOP 1 LineItems.Quantity, LineItems.Description FROM LineItems WHERE LineItems.OrderID = Orders.OrderID ) LineItems2
Please note that
TOP 1 without
ORDER BY is not deterministic: this query you will get you one line item per order, but it is not defined which one will it be.
Multiple invocations of the query can give you different line items for the same order, even if the underlying did not change.
If you want deterministic order, you should add an
ORDER BY clause to the innermost query.