override func viewDidLoad() {
    super.viewDidLoad()
          
    //Looks for single or multiple taps. 
     let tap = UITapGestureRecognizer(target: self, action: #selector(UIInputViewController.dismissKeyboard))

    //Uncomment the line below if you want the tap not not interfere and cancel other interactions.
    //tap.cancelsTouchesInView = false 

    view.addGestureRecognizer(tap)
}

//Calls this function when the tap is recognized.
@objc func dismissKeyboard() {
    //Causes the view (or one of its embedded text fields) to resign the first responder status.
    view.endEditing(true)
}

Here is another way to do this task if you are going to use this functionality in multiple UIViewControllers:

// Put this piece of code anywhere you like
extension UIViewController {
    func hideKeyboardWhenTappedAround() {
        let tap = UITapGestureRecognizer(target: self, action: #selector(UIViewController.dismissKeyboard))
        tap.cancelsTouchesInView = false            
        view.addGestureRecognizer(tap)
    }
    
    @objc func dismissKeyboard() {
        view.endEditing(true)
    }
}

Now in every UIViewController, all you have to do is call this function:

override func viewDidLoad() {
    super.viewDidLoad()
    self.hideKeyboardWhenTappedAround() 
}

This function is included as a standard function in my repo which contains a lot of useful Swift Extensions like this one, check it out: https://github.com/goktugyil/EZSwiftExtensions