How to pass a variable from Activity to Fragment, and pass it back?

To pass info to a fragment , you setArguments when you create it, and you can retrieve this argument later on the method onCreate or onCreateView of your fragment.

On the newInstance function of your fragment you add the arguments you wanna send to it:

 * Create a new instance of DetailsFragment, initialized to
 * show the text at 'index'.
public static DetailsFragment newInstance(int index) {
    DetailsFragment f = new DetailsFragment();
    // Supply index input as an argument.
    Bundle args = new Bundle();
    args.putInt("index", index);
    return f;

Then inside the fragment on the method onCreate or onCreateView you can retrieve the arguments like this:

Bundle args = getArguments();
int index = args.getInt("index", 0);

If you want now communicate from your fragment with your activity (sending or not data), you need to use interfaces. The way you can do this is explained really good in the documentation tutorial of communication between fragments. Because all fragments communicate between each other through the activity, in this tutorial you can see how you can send data from the actual fragment to his activity container to use this data on the activity or send it to another fragment that your activity contains.

Documentation tutorial:

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