--compare (-d) is more handy for that.
tar --compare --file=archive-file.tar
works if archive-file.tar is in the directory it was created. To compare archive-file.tar against a remote target (eg if you have moved archive-file.tar to /some/where/) use the
tar --compare --file=archive-file.tar -C /some/where/
If you want to see tar working, use
-v only errors (missing files/folders) are reported.
Tipp: This works with compressed tar.bz/ tar.gz archives, too.