Create a 3D matrix
A = zeros(20, 10, 3); %# Creates a 20x10x3 matrix
Add a 3rd dimension to a matrix
B = zeros(4,4); C = zeros(size(B,1), size(B,2), 4); %# New matrix with B's size, and 3rd dimension of size 4 C(:,:,1) = B; %# Copy the content of B into C's first set of values
zeros is just one way of making a new matrix. Another could be
A(1:20,1:10,1:3) = 0 for a 3D matrix. To confirm the size of your matrices you can run:
size(A) which gives
20 10 3.
There is no explicit bound on the number of dimensions a matrix may have.